The day of female leaders in the cleaning industry.....Women leaders in the cleaning industry. - For decades, the cleaning industry was dominated by men. Sure, there were plenty of female cleaners, but very few female executives. Family businesses, too, were almost invariably led by men and passed down to their sons.
Today, however, the numbers of female executives are increasing. Look at the
International Sanitary Supply Association (ISSA), the BIFM and the Cleaning Show and events, and not only will one see scores of women with “CEO” or “Owner” on their name badges,but networking forums set aside as well.
Indeed, the pressure is on all cleaners to provide more for less. And executive-level women have the added pressure of being family workhorse — chauffeur, cook, shopper and so on. As we know we just can't have it all and to be a successful leader in the cleaning industry comes with sacrifices that one has to make to be able to survive the pressure the industry brings.
There are only 168 hrs in each week, it doesn't matter if you are the Prime Minister or a cleaner, every week will have the same amount of hours.
Now take away the time you need to sleep each week, you will see there is not much time left. Now how will you split your hours and what are your priorities for the rest of the week? work? family? hobbies? charity work?
http://selenmostyn.weebly.com/
 
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The world is prone to changes, sometimes it happens for the good and sometimes it threatens by the micro-organisms which cannot be identified with naked eyes. A viral infection is one such that takes a few milliseconds to spread. On the other hand every country comes out with their own way of eradicating the virus from getting into full fledged spread. The cleaning industries have a big role to play, however with the unique intention behind every cleaning method.
The real effect of Norovirus:
What could be one of the worst conditions, other than having a disturbed stomach and vomiting? Norovirus is a special virus that targets at spreading the gastrointestinal infections at high rate. It has been in the news for creating sudden sickness for passengers on a cruise. The symptoms include

Nausea or vomiting
Vomiting
Diarrhoea
Slight Fever
Contraction.


Statistical look into Clinical Condition of Norovirus:
It has been found to get transmitted either by the utilization of faecal infected food or any kind of liquid diet or by environmental factors which is capable of getting accustomed to transmitting infectious organisms. Though the infection does not appear to be a life threatening one yet it causes some kind of obnoxious symptoms which might disturb even our routine domestic duties. It was reported that more than 10,000 people were affected by this virus in 2006, and the outbreaks increased every year and for the past three years from 2010 to 2012 the statistics show a common affectation of 50,000 people affected and among them more than 60% are hospitalized by the virus.
Cleaning Industry's Role:
Dealing with the norovirus in the UK and trying to avoid the spread through proper cleaning techniques several cleaning industries have come out with their own technology of cleaning and sanitising solutions, however with the norms and conditions designed by the government concerning the steps to be followed while eradicating the spread of norovirus.
Necessity to sanitise:
Keeping your place clean is the only way to reduce the spread of norovirus. The UK Government is very particular about implementing Colour Coding Cleaning Techniques in order to avoid the reverse reaction of cleaning agents or chemicals. Since the infectious reasons are through faecal oral route one can get infected through the drops from vomit and the possibilities of infection might begin from either of your organs like eyes, nose, mouth etc. Cleaning methods appear to work out less reactively hence there is always a considerable number of people getting infected every year.
Implementing the compulsory method of colour coding cleaning technique:
The notable colour coding for different cleaning areas are

Coding given for products used for cleaning different areas of cleaning
A Blue colour coding product can be used for low reaction areas
A green colour coding product can be used in places where food items are prepared and stored
A red colour coding product can be used for sanitary wares and wash rooms
A yellow colour coding product can be used only for the surface level cleaning in wash basins and washroom surfaces.

The limits behind usage of cleaning materials have to be indicated with the colour coding cleaning techniques which can enormously reduce the chance of cross infections and maintain the hygiene standard without the reverse reaction of the cleaning product with the surface.

 
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Public toilets are in demand not only in the UK but in major towns all over the whole world. With accessible clean toilets all over the country peoples activities will not be interfered with. It is so challenging when a sick person with a bladder problem, a pregnant woman, children or even a policeman at work get interference in the middle of daily activities due to lack of this vital amenity. Join me in supporting this motion that public toilets should be increased in number in the UK, like countries in France. Not only am I advocating for more public toilets but also clean, safe toilets with a good hand washing facility. It is unfortunate that these lack in major public toilets. We will therefore be focusing on the question that are there enough public outdoor toilets in the UK or should there be more, like countries in France?
With a heightened increase in the number of sick people in the UK, many are desperate for this vital yet inaccessible commodity. Lack of toilets means robbing many people in the UK their freedom of movement, which is not fair. The UK should improve and have more of these free and pay facilities like other countries in France. A country without enough toilets results in the sick having to stop drinking water if they are planning to go out. It also means people going hungry in fear of lack of this important facility since they will not have facilities to ease themselves when nature calls. Many patients are willing to part with a few pounds as long as they can access hygienic public toilet.
Just like France and Germany the government of UK needs to get involved in providing this basic amenity in all major towns, transport centres and busy stations. There are also non-governmental organizations in the UK willing to improve and bring change by investing and providing adequate public toilets. It is therefore a statutory obligation to support the non-governmental initiatives and revive the public toilet initiative that has been neglected for years.
In the UK public toilets should be more in supply just like other countries in France. In France public toilets are many and of a wide variety, ranging from pay toilets where you can either pay the attendant or automated toilets where you just put your money in the coin slot and the door automatically opens. No need to worry even if you are broke because you can also access free toilets in France they are plenty and clean. Free toilets can be found in fast food restaurants, in the train, cafés and various places that are frequented by people. The great news is that with either pay toilets or free toilets in France sanitation is guaranteed.
With government involvement in providing toilets in plenty sanitation standards will be raised there will be no more streets saturated in human waste. Government involvement will mean more free toilets, a country free from communicable diseases. Therefore the government of UK need to put in place tough measures to those found contaminating the streets when free toilets are at the reach of every person. In conclusion public toilets whether free or pay toilets should all be clean fitted with a clean hand washing facility and with adequate tissue paper. The pertinent issue here has been are there enough public outdoor toilets in the UK or should there be more, like countries in France?
A survey conducted by a company known as Kimberly - Clark showed that over 89% of the respondents interviewed were for the opinion that the public toilet facilities available do not meet the basic hygienic standards required and were not adequate. This can however be altered and changed for the better.
Content derived from http://goarticles.com/article/Consumers-give-thumbs-down-to-public-toilets/3370115/

Let's have a look at some pictures from all over the world :-) A little bit of loo fun.
Some people like to combine toilets and food.......DIFFERENT !!

Pictures of the "Modern Toilet Restaurant" in Taipei / Taiwan
More Toilets
 
The London Living Wage is currently £8.55 per hour.

The UK Living Wage for outside of London is currently £7.45 per hour.

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Ok I think ones opinion depends on the angle you are looking at this  (employee or employer?)
Of course we ALL want to earn more, but to make everything more sustainable don't we need to stabilize the economy first? Is it not better to earn a wage then to be made redundant because the company had to cut back or even shut down?

There are talks of a living wage wage at the moment, which I know is only voluntary, but to me it looks like a back door way to force businesses into paying higher wages.  By stating things such as "Government Contracts should only be given to companies that support the living wage" is to me a threat to those businesses that live of public sector contracts. Considering the large cleaning contractors only charge £8.50 -£9 per hour to their client. Effectively everyone will raise their hourly rates to make up for the costs and it will still hit the low income earner at the end. Raising costs in childcare, factories and other places where usually minimum wages are paid. We will feel it at the buying end. Which means more companies will export their production.

Yes wage rules are there to protect workers in the cleaning industry and others industries of course, but how can we ensure competitive rates and good competition. How can small cleaning companies or even SME compete? Ok, small companies are able to charge £12-£14 an hour for their cleaning, but they will be restricted in their growth and large companies that charge per quantity will have to raise their costs to nearly £10 in order to stay sustainable. No change in profit margins as such, which means companies who could be giving their employees higher bonuses for doing a good job, will have to consider paying them less bonus or not raising the bonus schemes.


Is the Living Wage a Living Nightmare?
Unemployment

There are thousands of people in UK who are working in the cleaning industry. Cleaning companies also employ a sizeable number of subcontractors. As there is talks of a Living Wage in UK, this could mean many clients will prefer to do the jobs themselves or even reduce the number of people who will be cleaning for them.
Or small cleaning companies will have to close making their staff and themselves redundant and seek employment too.

Raising living standards?

Employees on the Living Wage will only benefit if they are live a restricted life (no childcare etc) . This means they will be paid more and that could raise their living standards. The amount of money they will be paid means they will have more to spend on basic life necessities. With a lot of money, they can then invest in other areas and even improve of their living conditions. HOWEVER, if they are like the many people in the UK who have to pay for their childcare, means earning more will affect their working and childcare tax credits and other cost around them will go up to. Depending on each family if they will  be better off or not.


Increase cost of labour

On a surface level, the raise in the minimum wage for cleaners in the UK means the cost of labour will increase up ie using recruitment agencies etc.  It will be an expensive affair for employers to hire more workers. To an average cleaner it is good for them, but it is the employers who will face the most difficult task as they will have to create an extra budget allocation to cover for additional staffing costs. But were will the cost come from?

Increase in competition

Paying a Living Wage will pull many people out of business, the less surviving cleaning companies will be overwhelmed with many clients. This means employers will be competing with the few available cleaner resources that can be found in UK.

Maybe I am just looking at it from the wrong angle, and I am looking from the angle of an employer and an employee, I am struggling to see the point in this. Surely statements such as giving contracts to only companies that will pay the Living Wage can't be the answer. It won't help an individual, it won't help the companies not the economy. The ONLY ones who will benefit from this is the Tax-Man who will take taxes out of our salaries, because we are earning more money.

It's just my personal opinion, sure some of you will prove me wrong :-)

 
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If we forget about IT environment for a while, medical facilities are perhaps the only place where a clean and healthy environment is absolutely necessary and crucial for the staff and the patients (not in the case of IT environment) admitted there. Thinking about various health hazards caused by unhealthy environment in the hospitals, almost every other nation has come up with their own innovative solutions.
Needless to say, European giant economy, Germany has also surpassed all other nations in this respect. Almost all the hospitals in Germany follow a strict guidelines. Whenever you visit a hospital in any corner of the world, you will find a similar smell of medicines everywhere. Such is not the case in Germany where keeping the hospitals in Germany smell fine (usually smells of disinfectant) has been added as one of the most important points.
Since its foundation in 1870 by Prince Bismarck, Germany has developed a likeliness for hard discipline and cleanliness. They have maintained a high standard in almost all sections of their society and there is little scope for the hospitals to survive this purge.
Moving out of Germany, let us cross the English Channel and visit the hospitals of England. we shall find that since the onset of Industrial Revolution, the English have devoted their entire energy to the rapid development and invention and ignored even the basic standards of life.
Famous Socialist thinker Friedrich Engles once stated that there is no living hell but British factories and hospitals. Perhaps that is the reason why hospitals in England became easy targets of Klebsiella superbug in 2008 through a patient who travelled from India to England. This superbug was almost immune to many antibiotics. They were finally able to control this bug and after begin hit by an invisible enemy, the Britishers finally decided to set guidelines to keep their hospital clean and virus free. Most of their guidelines have been borrowed from the German hospitals.
Hospitals in Germany are nearly immune to MRSA and other super bugs, even though they still happen are usually very small scale and controlled quite easily.
Frankly speaking, pests have created hazard in hospitals around the world but they were not able to create much chaos in German hospitals. They are basically found in wards, patient rooms, water disposal areas, canteens and bathrooms.
Most of the hospitals around the world don't take this problem seriously and believe that by using pesticides, they can remove this problem. But this fact is often forgotten that pesticides also can harm the health of the patients in a negative way.
In order to avoid this potential danger, German medical authorities have not only banned the use of pesticides but also introduced a new technique known as IPM.
IPM is the abbreviated form of Inspection and Preventive Maintenance. Under this system, it is possible to keep the hospitals clean and bug free without potential risk to the health of the patients. Sufficient information and anti-pest/bug tools are provided to the staff and they are taught to use them in a decent manner. The strict enforcement of this system has made German hospitals absolutely free from MRSA and other super bugs.
Explaining further, hospitals in Germany have absolutely different billing method than the rest of the world. You will find fixed rate for every kind of treatment in Germany and other charges are later added according to extra services attained.
The hospitals in Germany have maintained a separate department for cleanliness. For instance, they always maintain a force of employees who are especially given the work to keep the hospitals clean and pest free. It is true that similar services are available in United Kingdom too but they are applied with such strictness as in Germany.
All the German hospitals are given Cleanliness Management Standard Industry Certificates by the home authorities. Receiving this certificate makes sure that hospitals have been able to keep themselves clean since past two years. After two years, a thorough inspection is made to check the standards and a new certificate is issued. This all make sure that the staff wear hygienic clothes and keep medical tools and toilet sanitized. Keeping all these things in mind, if we make German and UK hospital cleanliness comparison, Without any hesitation, we can safely conclude that German hospitals are better in their cleaning standards.
Another thing that personally bothers me very much is the fact that doctors in the UK wear their personal clothing to work, rather than a white coat. Therefore spreading bacteria from their home to patients and reverse. Now I have seen many doctors houses, which we cleaned and it put me off for life. Several houses were that disgusting that we had to call in pest control first before we could clean it. Now if these doctors then come to work with clothing they wore at home and that was not boil washed, then bacteria is bound to spread.
Some people might and others might not agree with me in this topic. Point I am trying to make is that when people go to hospital it is because they want to get better and not ill or even die because of a Superbug that could have been avoided.

I know my article is not 100% perfect and that there probably is some info or facts that I missed :-) I am not trying to have a go at all of the hospital cleaning standards in the UK, but merely annoyed as to why there are superbugs in hospitals, why doctors don't wear hospital clothing, why they have to close whole wards down and why people get ill or even die because of hospital bugs (Legionella, MRSA, Urinary Infections etc)
Not saying the cleaning standard in Germany is perfect but it seems like that these sort of outbreaks are very rare over there. Just because I did not hear it does not mean it does not happen, however I believe it is a very low scale situation over there.



 
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Restaurant owners have to maintain attention not only to the food they offer but also to the cleanliness of their premises especially that of the restrooms. Whether mobile or otherwise,research shows that the cleanliness of the restrooms is paramount to customer experience and ultimately,the way they judge and regard the restaurant. Every restaurant owner should know that a customer will definitely be impressed with excellent toilet area hygiene more than anything else in the restaurant.

When a customer enters a restaurant they instantly start forming opinions and taking into consideration every detail about the premises even before they sit to eat. The restroom area has proved to be extremely important to the eyes of the customers. When they are not pleased with the cleanliness of the restroom,68% of them will not come back to the premises,this is according to surveys commissioned by SCA
and conducted online by Harris Interactive.

A negative impression created by the unhygienic condition of the rest rooms has been proven to be the highest cause of potential customer loss. This impression has a permanent horrible effect on the clients and once this happens, it irreversible. Some clients may chose not inform the management about such an issue,actually only 50% of them report it to the management the 50% opt to keep it to themselves but they all end up telling other people about it.

When the word of the horrible hygienic conditions of the premises is passed to at least to people by every unhappy patron then you are likely to end up losing more than 50 potential clients per day. With the stiff competition in the hotel industry and the fact that everyone is a critic,restaurant owners should regard the hygiene of the rest rooms with a lot of importance,ensuring it is always excellent to the satisfaction of the customers.

 
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Cannon Hygiene was established back in the year 1985.The company provides a range of quality services designed to provide the desired support to most multinational businesses globally. The commitment of the team of professional staff has seen Cannon Hygiene prosper beyond imaginable heights and boundaries. This company forms part of OCS which is its sustainer in terms of proven expertise and resources.

For the OSC, it remains a great help in terms of facility management to many companies globally. Some of the daily services offered by OCS cleaning include; hygiene wash rooms, control of pests, window cleaning and maintenance, security and other related services, office cleaning among many others and hence presenting the company with an opportunity to concentrate on other crucial duties.

Of late, the companies have seen the success of significant turn over in their operations. Since the year 2006,OCS has featured growing operational cash flows hitting a 200% in that year from a very low percentage of 25% in the year 2007.Far from that, there has been reduction in debts from 2008 where the debts had reached almost climax to a manageable level of around 5 million pounds in 2012.

The sustainability of OCS' hygiene division, Cannon Hygiene has been greatly marketed by the indoor services offered to most companies such as cleaning of computer terminals, fax machines, telephones and other equipment. The amounts of profits attracted from such services has enabled a complete sustainability in form of salaries to emplyoyees,hiring and purchase of work tools, running of different branches of the company among many others.

Additionally, OCS cleaning and Cannon hygiene has led to the popping of rewards and benefits scheme that has attracted a number of goods and services to the staff at admittedly good discounts. The service by the esteemed team of staff has made the ISO 9001: 2008 certification by the company a dream come true.

All the responsibilities carried out by Cannon Hygiene are compliant with all regulation and legistration and therefore clients always feel they are in the best service.

 
Service-Based Companies boast of tremendous Turnover, Staff Strength and the performance indices in recent years have shown a continuous growth in the Market. This is directly related to the shift in the economy which positioned industries hinged on provision of services on a high pedestal. A major player in the Service Based Industry is Cleaning Companies. It is interesting to note that a Cleaning Company is presently ranked the fourth largest employer of Labour in the world. This shows a huge leap in the Industry and with a knack for high potentials for growth in the near future.
A Comparative analysis of the 10 Large Cleaning Companies in the World is primarily put together to showcase the strengths, nature of Business, economic contributions and the ripple effects their services are creating in our world. Extensive attention to various key parameters such as Staff Strength, Turnover, Eco-Friendliness, Organizational structure, etc, are used in arriving at the conclusions reached in this article. Let us have a look at these companies and what they do.
It is pertinent to note that most of these top cleaning companies in the world offer wide range of cleaning services ranging from Green environmentally friendly cleaning, Pest Control, Office Cleaning and so much more. They are well stocked in facilities, manpower and technical know-how and are well versed in handling various kinds of cleaning services all over the world.
  10 Cleaning Companies in the World:

1. ISS Group: This reputable Cleaning Company has it roots in Copenhagen, Denmark and was founded in 1901. Although, the Company is presently operational in various Countries of the world, it is consistently making its mark in all the parameters of growth and performance. In over 50 Countries in which they operate, they have 525,000 staff strength including 43,500 staff in its UK operations.
They are currently ranked the fourth largest employers in the world. ISS has staked its claim as one of the largest cleaning Companies in the world. Furthermore, ISS operates in a global market worth about 600 Billion Euros. The profits of ISS rose from 5.4 Billion Euros to 9.8 Billion Euros and the UK Market presently accounts for 10 percent of the Group's revenue. The Cleaning services offered by this company range from Public Sector to the Private Sector and cuts across different hues of the society. They are major players in the Facility Services Market.

2. Johnson Controls Inc.: This Company is also a strong player in terms of the Cleaning Services World Market. The Company is currently listed in the Fortune 500 Companies and has 162,000 employees across  7 Continents in the over 1,300 locations in which they operate. The recent showings in terms of revenue in the past five years in placed at roughly 30 Billion US Dollars.
In order to retain their strong share of the market, they also have joint ventures and strategic partnerships with other leading firms in the world. One of the key partnerships is with BLJC in Canada, besides this, they have other strategic partnerships established in various continents of the world.

3. Rentokil: This Company was founded in 1903 by Harold Maxwell-Lefroy. Their services range from Pest Control to Specialist Hygiene and Property Care. In the past decade, Rentokil was voted as one of Britain's most admired company and were able to sustain a growth rate of about 20 percent per annum. They have enjoyed a strong foothold in the world market with their strategic acquisitions and are currently doing well in the US market.

4. Sodexo: Sodexo is a French Multi-National Company founded by Pierre Bellon in 1966. The Company originally started operations in Marseilles, France. The Staff strength stands at 380,000 employees which span across 130 Nationalities. This total facilities Management organization had revenue in 16.04 Billion Euros in the past year and a profit of 853 Million Euros. Their services are broad based and they range from Government Agencies to Private Corporations and Schools.
It remains a strong cleaning Powerhouse in France and one the leading Cleaning Service Company in the world.

5. Compass Group: The Compass Group was founded by Jack Bateman in 1941 and has grown to become a major player in the Service Industry. Its revenue in the previous year stands at 15.833 Billion Euros and it produced a Net income of 728 Million Euros. It's staff strength currently stands above 300,00 members. It is also worth mentioning that beyond the Group's involvement in Facilities management, they have grown to diverse sectors of the economy such as Leisure and hospitality and are making a huge impact in this key area.

6. Mitie Cleaning Services: This Company has over 25 years experience in the Cleaning Services Industry and has been able to manage various big names in the Public and private sector. Their services range from commercial cleaning, Window Cleaning and office cleaning. They are one of the largest cleaning services company in the UK. The biggest challenge for some of these brands is that they keep a low profile and control a sizeable number of the business in which they operate. A lot of work is been done globally and by the European Cleaning Journal to highlight some of the major players in the Cleaning Industry.

7. Ray Facility Management Company: This German based company situated in Holdorf has extensive partnerships with various top cleaning services companies in Europe. The Company has been able to align in terms of the current EU legislations stipulating how Companies structured in Europe are to operate. The Company which has a sizeable share of Market revenue of over 60 Billion Euros has seen an increase of over 13.9 percent over the years. Nils Bogdol, who serves as the General Manager of the Company also, has extensive experience in the Commercial Cleaning Industry Market.

8. Reiwag Facility Services: This Vienna, Austria based business is one of the big brands in the Commercial Cleaning Industry. Their Market share is key to the 50,000 jobs which has been produced in the Austrian Cleaning Industry. Despite the current strains of the financial crisis in many regions of the world, the Company has seen its position strengthened by re-aligning its services to meet current demands. They are at the forefront of the current office daytime cleaning services which was originally brought to bear from Scandinavian countries.

9. Dorfner Group: This German Cleaning Services Company is a major stakeholder in the German and World Market. It has a strong foothold in the Facility Management Services business and has a recent times seen a strong growth of its business in Czech Republic, Germany and Austria. Although, Germany remains the world's largest Commercial cleaning business market, the quest for getting related services from a single company has made the Dorfner Group to remain a household name.

10.TKO Services: One of the outstanding niches of this company is their Customer Service and Professionalism. Currently ranked as one of the top cleaning Companies in the US Market, it has grown in terms of market size, staff strength and profitability. Furthermore, with decades of experience in the Cleaning Industry, it is strongly positioned to angle for a place amongst the best ranked cleaning companies in the world which are currently based in Europe.

Generally, the Cleaning Based Industry remains strong and vibrant and has bright prospects ahead.
 
In Europe, the cleaning industry is among the most important industries that provide services of cleanliness and hygiene. It satisfies these two important aspects to the society and hence improving health as a whole. In relation to the economic development, cleaning industry in Europe contributes to the economy about 62 billion Euros. This is a tremendous boost to the economy of Europe that the cleaning industry offers. In addition to that, it provides employment of about 3.75 million adults and hence aiding in dealing with the problem of unemployment. According to statistics, the cleaning industry has shown a massive growth in terms of the number of employs and also its contribution to the economy. This has been largely attributed by emergence of cleaning companies due to outsourcing of their services. European employment legislation in cleaning has been put into place to ensure that workers' rights are well adhered to by their employers and also agencies.
These rights of workers in the cleaning industry include proper wages and good working environment in the work place. In order to provide conducive working environment, factors such as health, harassment by the employer and also length of working hours are highly considered. Putting in mind that about 75% of the employs in the cleaning industry are women, and then it is clear that issues like harassments must be fully addressed. The cleaning industry constitutes of many small companies, about 158,000 companies, who in one form an industry hence gaining massive recognition. In that case, just like workers from other industries, employees in the cleaning industry deserve to be treated in a humane way while in their working environment.
One of the most important aspects that should be addressed in accordance with the European employment legislation in the cleaning industry is the minimum wage. Employees in the industry have protested many times in the streets due to poor wages. Having subjected to long working hours and poor pay their grievances are genuine in that light. This has led to the interference of the various organizations and also various laws enacted. The law of minimum wage in Europe as it states, an employer and an employee can come into an agreement on what should be paid on work done but it should not fall below the minimum wage. This is according to the European employment legislation that is set to protect the rights of employees.
The national minimum wage act came into place 1st of April 1999 which quoted minimum wage rates. However these rates keep on changing every year in October. This has led to the cleaning agencies to adhere to this law of minimum wage and hence provide their workers with a better pay in return. Rights of workers should be addressed and enforced fully. In the case of working hours, employees in the cleaning industries should not be over worked. They should be provided with minimum working hours where by some can be employed part time cleaning while others take a break this will also help in the creation of more jobs and hence improve living standards. Other than that, holidays and overtimes should be paid for as stipulated in the act. This will ensure that employees' rights are respected and adopted by the agencies.
Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (TUPE) laws have shown a great concern to the cleaning industry as it deals with changes in service provision or the transfer of an operation or part of it which retains its identity. This relates well with the cleaning industry in the sense that they are involved in outsourcing of services where they transfer employees from one agency to another and in the process they meet new terms of working conditions and this is where TUPE comes in. they are aimed at ensuring that workers in the service industries where outsourcing is involved get to keep the initial working conditions that they have with their initial agency in terms of working hours, wage rate and other terms of the contract reached with the agency. TUPE also protects the employees in case the business changes ownership. This is possible in the sense that employees and liabilities are transferred to the new employer. This means that employees are protected by TUPE laws as they cannot be sacked due to the emergence of the new owner or employer. In addition to this, terms and conditions of their employment previously set with the previous employer will apply even with the current employer.
Cleaning industry in Europe plays a major role in economic growth and in creation of job opportunities. This means that European employment legislation should focus even more on ensuring that the rights of employees in this industry are protected and enacted fully. TUPE laws enacted in 2006 have seen to it that employees' rights in the cleaning industry are well laid out and hence well practiced by the contractors.
 
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With the rise of greater Eco-Friendly cleaning services across Mainland Europe and various legislations governing the operation of these companies; it is pertinent to have an overview of the happenings in the industry. Although, there are some peculiarities in the cleaning Industries in Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, France, Switzerland and Austria, I would briefly outline the goings on and the dynamic trends affecting the Cleaning Companies in Mainland Europe.
Development of the Cleaning Companies Market in Mainland Europe
Recent reviews show that a total of 61.9 Billion Euros is the total turnover obtained in 20 countries in Europe. A net increase of 13.9 percent was gotten while the EU-27 GDP growth stood roughly at about 0.9 percent. The growth in the Cleaning Industry in terms of Employment in the past 2 decades is roughly placed at 9.9 percent. An in-depth analysis of these results shows a movement from an Industrial economy to an economy that is service-based. This also must be taken in cognizance with other inter-locking outsourcing and ancillary services working in the Industry.
On a country by country market analysis, Germany remains the largest cleaning market in Europe. France, Italy, United Kingdom and Spain in terms of national markets remain the five largest. Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerland and Austria also have appreciable markets which are doing well and bouncing into action despite the recession.
An Overview of the recent Market Trends and Market Penetration
An aggregate analysis has shown growth over the years and it is currently placed at 63.8 percent. This shows that an appreciable number of people still do their cleaning in-house representing 37 percent of the market. Economically speaking, this shows great potential in creating a positive employment index.
In the light of Market penetration, it is interesting to note that there has been varied results in various countries output. Some have done very well, others are doing fairly well while the third group are just ok. These groupings would throw up a lot of interest and I would do a little run down on each group.Netherlands and Austria fall into the first group. They have a penetration of 70 percent and above and this shows huge potential of the Cleaning Companies in this country.Germany and France fall into the second group because they are doing 55 percent or higher in terms of Market penetration.Denmark and Switzerland fall into the third group as their market penetration is below 55 percent.
An Overview of the Current number of Cleaning Companies in Mainland Europe
The total number of Cleaning Companies in Mainland Europe stand at 158,430 and this is quite phenomenal as it represents a 22.4 percent increase. It is important however to note that Germany witnessed the emergence of 7,570 companies in the period under review and this is due to the policy enacted in Germany which allowed them run a liberalized market. France and the Netherlands also had a strong upward surge in the number of Cleaning Companies operational in the country.
In the light of this discourse, it is of high importance to note that cleaning companies in Denmark, Netherlands, France, Switzerland and Austria are largely dominated by small companies. Over 70 percent of the Cleaning Companies in these countries have in their employment only about 10 persons on the average. However, growth of Companies that are middle-sized are also on the increase (Middle-sized companies are classified based on a staff strength of about 10 to 500 people). There are a fair number of large companies in the mix.
Germany, however, stands out from the pack. Over 7 percent of the Cleaning Companies in Germany employ above 500 people. About 19 percent have a staff strength ranging from 50 to 500 people, 5.8 percent have staff ranging from 10 to 50 people, while 68 percent of the operational cleaning companies have less than 10 people as their staff.
Austria has not witnessed much growth in the operational Cleaning Companies. Netherlands have a double increase in numbers in terms of operational cleaning companies, while France has an increase of about 30 percent.
The Employment generated by Cleaning Companies in Mainland Europe
About 4 million people are currently employed in the Cleaning Industry. Germany remains a major player as per the employments in its Cleaning Industry and they are closely followed by France. Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerland and Austria also have a fair share in terms of employment generated.
The Work mode employed by Cleaning Companies in Mainland Europe
Over 70 percent of the workforce in the Cleaning Companies are Part-Time workers. Due to the high trend of Part-Time Staff in the industry, there is a relatively low work hour duration. The current Industry estimate stands at an average of 23 hours of work being carried out per week.
The Predominant Gender in the Cleaning Companies in Mainland Europe
Over 75 percent of the workforce in cleaning companies in Mainland Europe is dominated by Women. In recent times however, France witnessed a decline in numbers in terms of women working in the Cleaning Industry.
Key Factors affecting the Operations of Cleaning Companies in Mainland Europe
Most Countries that have been discussed above have stable legislations backing their operations. Although Germany is still working on streamlining the Minimum wage bracket for this industry, it is still on course in terms of its growing market size. Austria and Switzerland have very strict Environmental standards which has necessitated the growth of Environmental awareness and cleanliness in these countries. France has strengthened its position by having better pay scale slightly above what is obtainable in other markets in Europe.
With a close look at the various indices operative in Mainland Europe, the consciousness of the Green revolution and strict alignment to ensure safe environments, it must be noted that the growth currently being experienced is sustainable. The Service-based economy has come to stay and would remain so for sometime to come due to the recent shift in Market demands.
Conclusively, the cleaning companies in Mainland Europe are Energy Saving and this can be seen in the various National parameters operational in these countries. Besides the European Union policy statements on the Environment, the impact on the Environment and so much more, there is an increased awareness from the populace. It is safe to say that cleaning service companies in Mainland Europe are on a good pedestal.